Mathomat V3

# How to Bisect a Line Segment

video tutorial part
2
of

## Learning Geometry with a Circle Arc Template

with

### Chris Tisdell

Mathematician & Educator

### Materials you will need:

Mathomat V3 Template
Unlined Paper / Scrap Paper
Sharp Pencil/s
Fine-point Pen/s
Eraser

### What you will learn in this tutorial:

In this video, Chris Tisdell introduces the concept of geometric constructions using a circle arc template and a straightedge as an alternative to traditional compass constructions. He highlights the advantages of this approach, including increased accuracy, ease of use, and safety.

Chris begins by explaining that the goal is to explore how a circle arc template can replace a compass in various geometric constructions. He mentions that the template he's using is specifically designed for geometry and comes with different shapes and markings.

The first construction he demonstrates is the perpendicular bisector of a given line segment. Chris starts by drawing ashort line segment AB and labels its endpoints. He then uses the circle arctemplate to create two intersecting arcs at points A and B, with the templates centre aligned with each endpoint. These arcs intersect at two points, which helabels as C and D. He uses a straight edge to connect points C and D, creating a line segment CD. Chris claims that point E, the intersection of segments CDand AB, is the midpoint of both AB and CD and that CD is perpendicular to AB.

To justify his claims, Chris discusses the use of similar triangles. He shows that triangles CAD and CBD are congruent, implying that angle ACE is equal to angle BCE. By using similar triangles again, he proves that triangle ACE and BCE are congruent, establishing that the lengths AE and BE are equal, and angles ACE and BCE are equal, thus demonstrating the perpendicular bisector property.

Chris acknowledges that the template has a fixed radius and cannot be adjusted. Therefore, he addresses the scenario of constructing the perpendicular bisector for longer line segments. He demonstrates that by creating multiple intersecting arcs along the length of the line segment, the same perpendicular bisector can be achieved.

Overall, Chris Tisdell's video provides a clear and step-by-step explanation of how to use a circle arc template and a straight edge to perform geometric constructions. He emphasises the advantages of this method and shows how it can be applied to construct a perpendicular bisector for both short and long line segments.

### Chris Tisdell

Mathematician & Educator
Chris, a mathematician and educator, is an academic advisor to Mathomat. Chris approached us in 2021 with an interest in the circle templates in Mathomat...
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