Mathomat V3

# Construct a Perpendicular from a Point to a Line

video tutorial part
6
of

## Learning Geometry with a Circle Arc Template

with

### Chris Tisdell

Mathematician & Educator

### Materials you will need:

Mathomat V3 Template
Unlined Paper / Scrap Paper
Sharp Pencil/s
Fine-point Pen/s
Eraser

### What you will learn in this tutorial:

In this video presentation, Chris Tisdell introduces a practical approach to geometric construction using a circle arc template and a straight edge instead of the traditional compass. He begins by explaining the tools required for this method, which consist of a circle arc template with a cantering point and a straight edge. These tools aim to replace the less accurate and sometimes unsafe compass commonly used in high school geometry.

Chris proceeds to demonstrate a classic geometric construction problem: drawing a perpendicular line from a given pointC to a line segment AB. He highlights the step-by-step process involved in achieving this construction.

1. Placing the Circle Arc Template: Chris centres the circle arc template at point C and uses it to draw an arc that intersects line segment AB at points D and E.
2. Perpendicular Bisector Construction: He explains that the construction now resembles the construction of a perpendicular bisector. By drawing arcs from points D and E with C as the centre, he establishes point G as the intersection of these arcs.
3. Drawing the Perpendicular Line: Finally, Chris uses the straight edge to draw the line segment CG, which is perpendicular to line segment AB as required.

Chris also provides a theoretical justification for the construction. He discusses how one can show that angleCGB is a right angle using congruent triangles (triangle CDF and triangle CEF)and the concept of side-side-side congruence.

Additionally, he addresses a potential issue where the circle arc template may not be large enough to intersect AB directly from point C. In such cases, he suggests selecting an arbitrary point closer to AB and parallel to it, which allows for a similar construction process to be executed.

Overall, this video presentation demonstrates an alternative and potentially more accessible method for performing geometric constructions, making it a useful resource for students and educators alike. By replacing the compass with the circle arc template and straight edge, these constructions become more manageable and safer to perform, providing a practical and educational approach to geometry.

### Chris Tisdell

Mathematician & Educator
Chris, a mathematician and educator, is an academic advisor to Mathomat. Chris approached us in 2021 with an interest in the circle templates in Mathomat...
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